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Test Review Summary

Test Name: BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory
Author of Original Test: Reuven Bar-On
Local test distributor / publisher: MHS (UK)
Date of Current Review: April 2006
Date of Publication of Current Review / Edition: 07 May 2008
Type of Test: Personality - Trait
Disorder and Pathology
Emotional Intelligence which, as defined in the instrument, is a mixture of social and emotional ability and personality-based behavioural preferences.
Main Area of Use: Psycho-clinical
Educational
Work and Occupational
Counselling, Advice, Guidance, and Career Choice
General Health, Life and Well-being
Constructs Measured: One overall measure of Emotional Intelligence

Five composite scales: Intrapersonal EQ, Interpersonal EQ, Adaptability, Stress Management, General Mood

Fifteen subscales:
Administration Mode: Supervised Group administration
Computerised Web-based application - supervised/proctored
Response Mode: Paper and pencil
Computerised
General Description of Test: The Bar-On EQ-I assesses emotional intelligence with reference to a wide variety of areas including occupational/vocational, educational, clinical, medical and research settings. It also assesses a wide range of age groups and separate norms are available for males and females based on age. (The authors maintain that the ‘Youth’ version’ of this instrument can be used with children as young as seven years old). In this review the occupational/vocational applications are reviewed. Reuven Bar-On defines Emotional Intelligence as “an array of non-cognitive capabilities, competencies and skills that influence one’s ability to succeed in coping with environmental demands and pressures”. His EQ model is described as ‘multifactorial’ and relates to ‘potential for performance rather than performance itself’. He also states that it is ‘process-oriented rather than outcome-oriented’. The measurement of emotional intelligence is construed as parallel to the assessment of cognitive capacity and functioning via IQ. This rationale is influenced by the work of David Wechsler (Wechsler, 1940). Bar-On acknowledges three streams of EI, one being represented by his own Bar-On model, the others being the Salovey-Mayer model, and the Goleman model. There are 3 versions of the measure being reviewed. 1. The BarOn EQ-I This is the standard form of the instrument with 133-items. Respondents are asked to rate each item on a five-point Likert-type scale with options ranging from 1 ‘Very Seldom or Not True of Me’ to 5 ‘Very Often True or True of Me’. These items render scores for 15 different sub-scales, which are themselves, combined to form five composite scales. The five composite scales are: Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Adaptability, Stress Management and General Mood. Intrapersonal EQ (Raeq,) which assesses the inner self and is derived from five subscales: Self-Regard, Emotional Self-Awareness, Assertiveness, Independence and Self-Actualisation. Interpersonal EQ (EReq), which looks at interpersonal skills and functioning and is derived from three subscales: Empathy, Social Responsibility and Interpersonal Relationship Adaptability EQ (ADeq), which reveals how successfully individuals can deal with environmental demands and problematic situations, and is derived from three subscales: Reality Testing, Flexibility and Problem Solving. Stress Management (Smeq), which looks at how an individuals deal with stress and their ability to retain control, and it is derived from two subscales: Stress Tolerance and Impulse Control. General Mood (GMeq), which looks at general positivity and cheerfulness and is derived from two factors: Happiness and Optimism. There are also four ‘validity scales’ designed to assess the accuracy or seriousness of the respondent’s answers: Omission Rate. If greater than 6%, results are treated as invalid. Inconsistency Index . A measure of the extent to which respondents contradict themselves. High scores invalidate the results. Positive Impression Scale. To identify respondents giving an exaggerated positive impression of themselves. Negative Impression Scale. To identify respondents giving an exaggerated negative impression of themselves. 2. The BarOn EQ-i:125 is a 125-item version of the standard 133–item EQ-i. It excludes the Negative Impression items ( e.g. “I feel cut off from my body” and “I think I’ve lost my mind”) and the last item (“I responded openly and honestly to the above statements”). These exclusions are designed to make the instrument more acceptable in corporate contexts. However the author recommends use of the full 133 item version wherever possible, since loss of the Negative Impression scale sacrifices some important information. 3. The BarOn EQ-i Short Version is a 52 item version developed to provide a quick assessment of the five composite scale scores. It is designed for situations where time is critical. For example “mental health professionals who deal with large caseloads” or for HR professionals who wish to screen multiple job applicants.

Instrument Evaluation:

All sections are scored using the following rating system provided in the EFPA Test Review Form - Version 3.42 24/06/2010 Page 14.

[n/a] This attribute is not applicable to this instrument
[None] Not possible to rate as no, or insufficient information provided
1.0 stars Inadequate
2.0 stars NOT NOW USED
3.0 stars Adequate or Reasonable
4.0 stars Good
4.0 stars Excellent
[N.r.i.o.r] Item was not rated in original review (for updates only)

Characteristics Evaluation
Quality of Documentation
4.0 stars
Quality of Materials
4.0 stars
Norms and reference groups
3.0 stars
Construct validity
3.0 stars
Criterion-related validity
3.0 stars
Reliability-overall
3.0 stars

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